Glycated Hemoglobin HbA1c3D reproduction of Glycated Hemoglobin HbA1c protein. Glucose and fructose attach to hemoglobin in a process called glycosylation. When sugar attaches to proteins, it changes the protein's shape, impairing its ability to achieve its maximum conformation state and function.
Oxygenated Hemoglobin Hb
3D reproduction of Oxygenated Hemoglobin Hb, 18 Million times larger than diameter actual protein. Colored in red are the protein’s HEME Groups, disk-like structures with an Iron atom core. It is to this Iron atom core that binds O2 molecules (Blue) bind.